|2100-1066 BC||Xia and Shang Dynasty|
|1066-221 BC||Zhou Dynasty
Capital city is constructed in Xian, later moved to city of Luoyang. "Middle Kingdom" idea is introduced. Confucius (551-479 BC) creates a code of ethics.
|221-207 BC||Qin Dynasty
Emperor Qin Shi Huang unites China and divides the empires into provinces and prefectures. Standards are set for weights, measures and written languages. The first section of the Great Wall is completed. Army of Terra Cotta Warriors is created to guard the emperor's tomb.
|207 BC-220 AD||Han Dynasty
Important inventions introduced include: gun powder and paper. Buddhism is introduced into China; Confucianism is instituted as the basis of education and admission to civil service.
|220-581 AD||Three Kingdoms Period (Jin,
Southern & Northern Dynasties)
China is split into three kingdoms- North, Central, and Southern Kingdoms. The Great Wall is expanded and many of China's famous large Buddhas are carved.
|581-907 AD||Sui & Tang Dynasty
China is reunited and begins "golden age" of arts that flourishes throughout the Tang Dynasty. The Grand Canal is constructed, linking the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers. The Great Wall is repaired and expanded.
|907-1279||Five Dynasties, Song &
China once again splits into independent states, with five dynasties controlling the north of China while ten kingdoms control the south. Mongols invade northern China and Beijing (then known as Dadu) is established as the capital city under rule of Genghis Khan.
Marco Polo visits China. Ghengis Khan's grandson, Kublai Khan, constructs Palace of All Tranquilities, later to be known as the Forbidden Palace. The Grand Canal is repaired and extended.
The Great Wall is repaired and extended to keep the Mongols out of China. Buddhism and Taoism are made state religions. Original Forbidden City and Temple of Heaven are constructed in Beijing.
Manchurians invade China and set up government modeled after Ming rulers. Tibet is incorporated into the Chinese empire. Increased trade with the west leads to the introduction of opium. Sun Yat-sen leads the revolution that ends the Manchu empire. The last Qin Emperor, Puyi, leaves the Forbidden City in 1924, ending Imperial rule in China.
||The People's Republic
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